The Magna Carta listed many basic human rights for the English people, many we are familiar with today still.
King John of England wanted an increasing amount of court hearings in his own court instead of the court of the Aristocracy (made of nobles). This wasn’t done for justice, but was actually for creating a source of money to the King. Church Bishop revenues were also ordered to be given directly to the King. Around 1162 AD, King John enforces tyrannical orders that restrict church service liberties such as appeals to the pope. Taxes are also enforced upon the Church, weakening it’s influence.
Thomas Becket was the lead figure against King John, but was eventually murdered by the Kings servants. His influence reigned victorious after his death, and the king eventually gave penance.
The Magna Carta was introduced by the Archbishop of Canterbury in 1215 AD, Runnymede. The Rebel Church Barons forced King John to agree to The Magna Carta and it eventually became the document that represented the liberties and rights of the English people. Liberties of English – speaking people listed in the document are not to be infringed by the King, and the king could not override the Magna Carta. The Magna Carta lists rights such as Trial Before Jury, Innocent Until Proven Guilty, the right of the accused to have access to evidence, and more.
The Magna Carta assured the English people some solid rights. However, both the people and the King eventually ignored the Magna Carta. Both sides didn’t uphold it successfully.